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Journal

Security and Human Rights, formerly Helsinki Monitor, is published 4 times a year. With its thorough analysis and thought-provoking articles, Security and Human Rigths reflects on developments, draws attention to problems and contributes to the policy-making discourse. Below you will find some examples from the past volumes.


1 January 2017 - Sico van der Meer - 0

Enhancing International Cyber Security: A Key Role for Diplomacy

Cyber aggression is an increasing threat to international security and stability. While national policies intended to deter cyber aggression may offer some solution in the short term, their effects in the long term are doubtful. National cyber-deterrence policies entail the risk of an on-going cyber arms race and a cycle of escalation between potential cyber opponents. 

 

 

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1 January 2017 - Bérénice Boutin & Christophe Paulussen - 0

From the Bataclan to Nice: A Critique of France’s State of Emergency Regime

This policy brief analyses the state of emergency regime that was declared by the French Government immediately after the November 2015 attacks and ties it to France’s legislative response to terrorism more generally. It is observed that, at various levels, serious human rights concerns arise that are detrimental to the fight against terrorism. In conclusion, concrete policy recommendations are offered to address these concerns. 

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1 January 2017 - Ulrich Kühn - 0

Institutional Resilience, Deterrence and the Transition to Zero Nuclear Weapons

The goal of a world free from nuclear weapons is directly related to the issues of international institutions and deterrence. Assuming that it would be possible, first, to move to significantly lower numbers of nuclear weapons and then to zero nuclear weapons, governing institutions would have to be resilient enough to respond in a timely manner and to uphold the bargain. But what factors determine and influence institutional resilience? And what would be the likely role of deterrence? This article first assesses what the general narratives tell us about determining factors. It then examines two empirical cases from the realm of arms control institutions (the cfe and the npt treaties) and asks why these agreements are not as effective as intended. The next section discusses three additional factors of influence and identifies a shared interest in overcoming the deterrence principle as a key variable for institutional cooperation and as a factor that continues to influence resilience and effectiveness. The last section presents the conclusions.

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1 January 2017 - Joris Voorhoeve - 0

Insecurity and Common Interests in Security in the OSCE Area

How can we improve security in the immense area of the fifty-seven participating states of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)? The author addresses this question by appealing to the Final Report and Recommendations of the Panel of Eminent Persons on European Security as a Common Project. This Report is full of insights, and much of it is seen by the author as an honest account of the events and policies that divide OSCE countries. On the basis of the final report, the author offers twelve concrete recommendations that may promote trust in the OSCE area.

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1 January 2017 - Jeanine de Roy van Zuijdewijn - 0

Peace, Terrorism, Armed Conflict and War Crimes

Terrorism has often been associated with armed conflict. The so-called Islamic State is the most prominent example of a group that rose to power amidst armed conflict. Against this backdrop, it sounds rather strange to associate terrorism with peace. Terrorism, however, has also been called, “the peacetime equivalent of war crimes”. This raises the question how the concepts of terrorism, peace, armed conflict and war crimes relate. This article defines these concepts and applies them in the context of International Humanitarian Law, which is also known as the law of armed conflict. It also discusses today’s fight against is in light of the November 2015 Paris Attacks, thereby questioning the consequences and desirability of a war paradigm.

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1 January 2017 - Morgan Schofer - 0

Human Rights and National Security Post 9/11

This article seeks to examine the relationship between human rights and national security within the context of counter-terrorism legislation in the United States following 11 September 2001. Working from a constructivist point of view and using discourse analysis and public-opinion data, I aim to determine whether changes have been made to the right to privacy and the anti-torture norm under the administrations of presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama.

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